Wildflowers

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Picture Common name Scientific name Height Color Flowering Period Light Requirement Moisture Requirement Description
Rosy pussytoes - Antennaria rosea Rosy pussytoes Antennaria rosea 8-18" pink to rose Early summer
Mat-forming perennial with white or grey woolly leaves; attractive foliage through Fall. Common in the high desert of eastern Cascades, extends up in elevation to pine and Douglas fir forests. Often found on dry, rocky alpine ridges.
Balsamroot - Balsamorhiza sagittata Balsamroot Balsamorhiza sagittata 12-24" yellow May
Large, long lived, tap-rooted perennial; numerous sunflower-like flowers heads.
Rocky Mountain bee plant - Cleome serrulata Rocky Mountain bee plant Cleome serrulata 3-6’ pink July- September
Tall, very drought tolerant annual with large, pink, late-season flowering blooms. Attracts numerous pollinators. Excellent for areas that receive minimal or no irrigation.
Blue mountain prairie clover - Dalea ornata Blue mountain prairie clover Dalea ornata <18" Lt. pink/ magenta June-August
Perennial. Flowering head up to 2 in. long. Habitat: rocky sandy places often with sagebrush. Native to Oregon.
Purple prairie clover - Dalea purpurea Purple prairie clover Dalea purpurea 12-36" Dark pink to purple May-September
Numerous flowers on cylindrical spike 1-2 inches long. Native to central US. Deep rooted, nitrogen fixing plant.
Threadleaf fleabane - Erigeron filifolius Threadleaf fleabane Erigeron filifolius <12” Light purple July-August
Perennial with many erect and spreading leaves with grayish hairs. Multiple purplish white flowers with yellow centers. Grow in dry prairie and rocky sites; often in sagebrush steppe.
Yellow desert daisy - Erigeron linearis Yellow desert daisy Erigeron linearis <8” yellow May-June
Tap-rooted, clumping perennial with multiple yellow, aster-like flowers. Grows in dry, rocky sites; often in sagebrush steppe.
Oval leaved Buckwheat - Eriogonum  ovalifolium Oval leaved Buckwheat Eriogonum ovalifolium 4-8” White, pink, light yellow July-August
Mat-forming perennial; Oval-shaped leaves silvery white. Single head of creamy white flowers on leafless stalk. Habitat: Sagebrush steppe to alpine ridges.
Sulfur Buckwheat - Eriogonum  umbellatum Sulfur Buckwheat Eriogonum umbellatum 4-12” White to bright yellow, reddish May-June
Tap-rooted, mat forming perennial; Leaves oblong or spatula-shaped in whorls at base of stems are woolly beneath. Leaves turn showy red/maroon in autumn; flowers turn rosy ting with age. Common in sagebrush steppe and grasslands, and dry open forests in central Oregon.
Creamy Buckwheat - Eriogonum heracleoides Creamy Buckwheat Eriogonum heracleoides 4-16” White to yellow Mid summer
Clump-forming perennial with linear, grayish woolly leaves in whorls at base of stems; flowers turn rosy ting with age. Habitat: Common in sagebrush steppe and grasslands, and dry open forests.
Round Headed Buckwheat - Eriogonum sphaerocephalum Round Headed Buckwheat Eriogonum sphaerocephalum <16” White to yellow Mid spring to summer
Perennial, shrub or sub shrub growth form. Flower heads round (popcorn-like).
Thyme leaved Buckwheat - Eriogonum thymoides Thyme leaved Buckwheat Eriogonum thymoides <6” Whitish pink to yellow May-June
Low growing perennial; woody, mat-forming sub-shrub with tiny grayish green, narrow linear leaves.
Oregon sunshine - Eriophyllum lanatum Oregon sunshine Eriophyllum lanatum 12-18” yellow May-August
Perennial with clumping growth form of grayish green leaves. Common in dry open habitats.
Sticky geranium - Geranium viscosissimum Sticky geranium Geranium viscosissimum 16-36” white to deep purple-magenta May-July
Perennial; Stems and leaves densely covered with sticky, glandular hairs. Habitat: dry grasslands and open forests.
Prairie Smoke - Geum triflorum Prairie Smoke Geum triflorum <18” pink May-June
Rhizomatous perennial Flowers urn-shaped; Fruits feathery clusters of seeds with plume-like bronze to purplish styles. Habitat: dry open forests, grasslands, and dry gravelly soils.
Scarlet gilia - Ipomopsis aggregata Scarlet gilia Ipomopsis aggregata <36” Red Late spring through summer
Biennial or short-lived perennial; Highly dissected leaves on numerous stems. Habitat: open rocky slopes, grasslands, open forests, plains, dry meadows and mountain slopes.
Bitterroot - Lewisia rediviva Bitterroot Lewisia rediviva 1-2” White to pink Late spring
Low growing perennial from a tap root. Small succulent, needle like foliage often gone when flowering. Flowers large 1.5-2 inches. Found growing in harsh rocky/gravelly sites. Great for rock gardens.
Lewis flax - Linum lewisii Lewis flax Linum lewisii 18-24” Blue to purple May-July
Native, semi-evergreen perennial. Grows in sagebrush steppe to open ponderosa pine forests.
Blue flax - Linum perenne Blue flax Linum perenne 18-24” Blue to purple May-July
Introduced from Eurasia. Naturalized throughout US.
Silver lupine - Lupinus argenteus Silver lupine Lupinus argenteus 18 - 36” Purple June-August
Grayish green foliage, silvery underneath; shrubby growth form Flowers growing on spike (raceme) up to 5”.
Broad leaved lupine - Lupinus latifolius Broad leaved lupine Lupinus latifolius 12 - 48” Purple May-June
Broad leaved. Perennial with bushy growth habit. Showy flowers growing on tall spike (raceme), 4-12”. Heavy nitrogen fixer; does well in nutrient poor soils.
Prairie lupine - Lupinus lepidus Prairie lupine Lupinus lepidus <5” Blue-purple May to June
Low growing; foliage dense silky gray. Tolerant of gravelly soils.
Fragrant evening primrose - Oenothera caespitosa Fragrant evening primrose Oenothera caespitosa 3-9" white late spring - summer
Showy white flowers open after sunset and redden with age. Beautiful in moonlight. Grows in sagebrush-steppe and pine forest.
Davidson’s penstemon - Penstemon davidsonii Davidson’s penstemon Penstemon davidsonii <12” lavender June-August
Shrubby, mat-forming perennial. Found in rocky outcrops.
Shrubby penstemon - Penstemon fruiticosus Shrubby penstemon Penstemon fruiticosus <18” Blue to lavender May - August
Woody perennial, generally prostrate and mat forming; Leaves leathery and shiny. Habitat: open rocky slopes to moderately dense forest from the foothills to high mountains.
Lowly penstemon - Penstemon humilis Lowly penstemon Penstemon humilis <14” Blue to purple May - August
Herbaceous to woody sub-shrub perennial with small, numerous tubular flowers. Habitat ranges from sagebrush steppe to highly elevation in forest openings.
Pineleaf penstemon - Penstemon pinifolius Pineleaf penstemon Penstemon pinifolius 12-15" red late June through August
Compact low growing, perennial with numerous, red tubular flowers and small, narrow leaves. Native to the southwestern US. Attracts hummingbirds.
Cutleaf penstemon - Penstemon richardsonii Cutleaf penstemon Penstemon richardsonii 8-32” Pink to lavender May - August
Numerous sprawling stems arise from shrubby base with serrated leaves. Habitat: open rocky places and cliff sides.
Rock penstemon - Penstemon rupicola Rock penstemon Penstemon rupicola <6” pink June-July
Semi-evergreen perennial: shrubby at base; leaves bluish and leathery. Basalt rock cliffs or rock outcrops.
Showy penstemon - Penstemon speciosus Showy penstemon Penstemon speciosus <36” Blue to purple May-July
Perennial with showy flowers, 1-1.5” long. Habitat sagebrush prairies to ponderosa pine forests to subalpine.
Rocky Mountain penstemon - Penstemon strictus Rocky Mountain penstemon Penstemon strictus 24-36” Blue to purple May-July
Semi-evergreen perennial with tall stems and multiple showy flowers.
Alpine penstemon - Penstemon venustus Alpine penstemon Penstemon venustus <20” blue May - August
Perennial with showy flower and foliage. Habitat: fairly good soil or rocky sites from forest to low meadows to subalpine.
Whipple’s penstemon - Penstemon whippleanus Whipple’s penstemon Penstemon whippleanus <24” blue-purple to wine red July to August
Perennial with showy flowers up to 1 inch.
Gooseberry leaved globemallow - Sphaeralcea grossulariifolia Gooseberry leaved globemallow Sphaeralcea grossulariifolia <12-30” Orange June-August
Tap-rooted, short-lived (2-3 years) perennial with silvery foliage. Flowers on short, dense, terminal spikes.
Scarlet globemallow - Sphaeralcea munroana Scarlet globemallow Sphaeralcea munroana 24-30” orange May-August
Tap-rooted, perennial with grayish green foliage. Multiple flowers on long stems; long bloom period.
Showy townsendia - Townsendia florifer Showy townsendia Townsendia florifer 2-6” White to pinkish white June
Short-lived perennial with several stems containing dense, short hairs. Flowers numerous.